Inpatient Care Utilization and Epidemiology of Hirschsprung Disease: Analysis of the National Inpatient Sample

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BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Hirschsprung disease (HD) is associated with significant morbidities including long-term bowel dysfunction. The aim of this study was to update national and regional trends in the inpatient care utilization and epidemiology of HD in the United States between 2009 and 2014 using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database.

METHODS: We identified all pediatric admissions with a diagnosis of HD within the NIS from 2009 through 2014. We analyzed HD discharges with respect to various demographic and clinical factors, specifically trends and group differences in inflation-adjusted cost of hospitalization, procedures, co-morbidities, hospital mortality, and length of stay (LOS). A modified Cochrane-Armitage trend test was used to analyze trends for dichotomous outcome variables, and regression analyses were conducted for continuous and binary variables.

RESULTS: National estimates of HD-discharges showed no significant trend between 2009 and 2014 (P = 0.27), with estimated relative incidence ranging from 46 to 70 per 100,000 pediatric discharges. Inflation-adjusted cost of hospitalization increased by $1137 (SE $326) per year (P = 0.0005). Pull-through procedures in neonatal age group increased from 33.0% in 2009 to 36.5% in 2014 (P = 0.003). Hospital mortality has remained stable between 0.4 and 1.0% (P = 0.598). LOS decreased by 0.23 days per year (P = 0.036).

CONCLUSION: Increasing cost of HD-related hospitalization despite decreasing LOS was observed in this cohort. Stable rate of hospitalizations with increasing proportions of pull-through procedures among neonates was noted. Future studies and development of protocols to standardize patient care could improve outcomes and healthcare spending.An infographic is available for this article at: http://links.lww.com/MPG/C767.


Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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Journal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition