OBJECTIVE: Subtherapeutic vancomycin trough concentrations are common in children and may be associated with suboptimal therapeutic response. Our objective was to determine if vancomycin loading doses safely increase the frequency of target trough attainment in hospitalized children.
METHODS: Patients (≥6 months and15 mg/dL for invasive infections and >10 mg/dL for non-invasive infections.
RESULTS: A total of 151 patients were enrolled, with 77 in the control arm and 74 in the loading dose arm. There was no significant difference in the frequency of comorbidities or need for intensive care unit admission between the two arms. Those receiving a vancomycin loading dose were older (mean age 9.1 vs 5.2 years, p < 0.0001). Patients given a loading dose achieved higher mean initial trough values (13.0 mg/dL vs 9.2 mg/dL, p < 0.0001), were more likely to have an initial trough at or above target (37.0% vs 10.4%, p = 0.0001), were more likely to reach target trough values at any point during therapy (52.1% vs 32.9%, p = 0.0081), and attained a target trough concentration more quickly (mean 41.1 hours vs 58.8 hours, p = 0.0118). There were no significant differences in the frequency of serum creatinine elevation or oliguria at the end of therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Vancomycin loading doses may improve the ability to safely obtain target trough values in hospitalized children.
J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther
Dolan E, Hellinga R, London M, Ryan K, Dehority W. Effect of Vancomycin Loading Doses on the Attainment of Target Trough Concentrations in Hospitalized Children. J Pediatr Pharmacol Ther. 2020;25(5):423-430. doi: 10.5863/1551-6776-25.5.423. PMID: 32641912; PMCID: PMC7337133.