Inborn errors of immunity (IEI) are a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders with a broad clinical spectrum. Identification of molecular and functional bases of these disorders is important for diagnosis, treatment, and an understanding of the human immune response. We identified 6 unrelated males with neutropenia, infections, lymphoproliferation, humoral immune defects, and in some cases bone marrow failure associated with 3 different variants in the X-linked gene TLR8, encoding the endosomal Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8). Interestingly, 5 patients had somatic variants in TLR8 with
American Society of Hematology
Aluri J, Bach A, Kaviany S, Chiquetto Paracatu L, Kitcharoensakkul M, Walkiewicz MA, Putnam CD, Shinawi M, Saucier N, Rizzi EM, Harmon MT, Keppel MP, Ritter M, Similuk M, Kulm E, Joyce M, de Jesus AA, Goldbach-Mansky R, Lee YS, Cella M, Kendall PL, Dinauer MC, Bednarski JJ, Bemrich-Stolz C, Canna SW, Abraham SM, Demczko MM, Powell J, Jones SM, Scurlock AM, De Ravin SS, Bleesing JJ, Connelly JA, Rao VK, Schuettpelz LG, Cooper MA. Immunodeficiency and bone marrow failure with mosaic and germline TLR8 gain of function. Blood. 2021 May 6;137(18):2450-2462. doi: 10.1182/blood.2020009620. PMID: 33512449; PMCID: PMC8109013.