Predictors of sleep hypoxemia in children with cystic fibrosis.
OBJECTIVES: To identify the determinants of nocturnal hypoxemia in children with CF using clinical parameters, polysomnography (PSG), and lung function.
HYPOTHESIS: Sleep hypoxemia in children with CF is predicted by both apnea hypopnea index (AHI) and percent predicted forced expiratory volume in one second (pFEV1).
DESIGN: Retrospective case series.
METHODS: Children aged 5-18 years were included based on (i) a diagnosis of CF; and (ii) availability of concurrent PSG and pFEV1 data. The impact of (i) demographic and clinical parameters; and (ii) PSG and pFEV1, on the total sleep time spent with arterial oxygen saturation below 90% (TSpO
RESULTS: The mean age was 11.6 years (95% confidence interval: 9.5, 13.1). Twenty of 35 (57%) were boys and the mean body mass index percentile was 42.1 (31.5, 52.6). The most common ethnicity was white (66%). OSA was diagnosed in 50%. Neither demographic predictors nor clinical variables predicted the severity of hypoxemia (R
CONCLUSIONS: pFEV1 is the best predictor of sleep hypoxemia in children with CF and referred for PSG. No demographic or clinical predictors of hypoxemia were identified in this population.
Isaiah, Amal; Amine Daher; Preeti B Sharma; Kamal Naqvi; and Ron B Mitchell.
"Predictors of sleep hypoxemia in children with cystic fibrosis.."