Predictors of positive esophagogastroduodenoscopy outcomes in children and adolescents: a single center experience.
BACKGROUND: Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) has become a key element in the diagnosis and therapy of many gastrointestinal diseases affecting children. The aim of this study was to evaluate predictors of positive outcomes in children undergoing their first diagnostic EGD with biopsies at a single center.
RESULTS: This retrospective study was based on findings from existing EGD and histopathological reports. All procedures were performed between July 2006 and July 2013. Details of each patient's clinical presentation and EGD were abstracted from medical records to determine the predictors of positive EGD outcomes. A total of 1133 records of patients between the ages of 0 and 18 years old were evaluated. Of these patients, 51.5% (n = 573) were female and 24.5% (n = 278) were younger than 4 years old. The mean age at the time of EGD was 9.6 ± 5.7 years (mean ± standard deviation). The most common indications for the procedure were abdominal pain (54.9%) and emesis (31.9%). The overall prevalence of any endoscopic abnormality was 54.5% and the overall prevalence of any histological abnormality was 59.1%. A multivariate logistic regression found that patients 12 years or older (odds ratio, OR = 1.46; 95% confidence interval, CI 1.31-1.63), African-American race (OR = 2.20; 95% CI 1.45-3.34), dysphagia (OR = 1.96; 95% CI 1.28-3.00) and positive celiac antibodies (OR = 2.25; 95% CI 1.52-3.34) were all significant independent predictors of a positive EGD outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: Several clinical variables were found to be independent predictors of positive EGD outcomes in children and adolescents. Prospective studies using standardized definitions of clinical variables and endoscopy outcomes are needed to further understand predictors of positive EGDs.
BMC Res Notes
Lyons, Hernando; Ying Zhang; Susan Szpunar; and Rajmohan Dharmaraj.
"Predictors of positive esophagogastroduodenoscopy outcomes in children and adolescents: a single center experience.."
BMC Res Notes