Early-onset lymphoproliferation and autoimmunity caused by germline STAT3 gain-of-function mutations.
Germline loss-of-function mutations in the transcription factor signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) cause immunodeficiency, whereas somatic gain-of-function mutations in STAT3 are associated with large granular lymphocytic leukemic, myelodysplastic syndrome, and aplastic anemia. Recently, germline mutations in STAT3 have also been associated with autoimmune disease. Here, we report on 13 individuals from 10 families with lymphoproliferation and early-onset solid-organ autoimmunity associated with 9 different germline heterozygous mutations in STAT3. Patients exhibited a variety of clinical features, with most having lymphadenopathy, autoimmune cytopenias, multiorgan autoimmunity (lung, gastrointestinal, hepatic, and/or endocrine dysfunction), infections, and short stature. Functional analyses demonstrate that these mutations confer a gain-of-function in STAT3 leading to secondary defects in STAT5 and STAT1 phosphorylation and the regulatory T-cell compartment. Treatment targeting a cytokine pathway that signals through STAT3 led to clinical improvement in 1 patient, suggesting a potential therapeutic option for such patients. These results suggest that there is a broad range of autoimmunity caused by germline STAT3 gain-of-function mutations, and that hematologic autoimmunity is a major component of this newly described disorder. Some patients for this study were enrolled in a trial registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00001350.
American Society of Hematology
Milner, Joshua D; Tiphanie P Vogel; Lisa Forbes; Chi A Ma; Asbjørg Stray-Pedersen; Julie E Niemela; Jonathan J Lyons; Karin R Engelhardt; Yu Zhang; Nermina Topcagic; Elisha D O Roberson; Helen Matthews; James W Verbsky; Trivikram Dasu; Alexander Vargas-Hernandez; Nidhy Varghese; Kenneth L McClain; Lina B Karam; Karen Nahmod; George Makedonas; Emily M Mace; Hanne S Sorte; Gøri Perminow; V Koneti Rao; Michael P O'Connell; Susan Price; Helen C Su; Morgan Butrick; Joshua McElwee; Jason D Hughes; Joseph Willet; David Swan; Yaobo Xu; Mauro Santibanez-Koref; Voytek Slowik; Darrell L Dinwiddie; Christina E Ciaccio; Carol J Saunders; Seth Septer; Stephen F Kingsmore; Andrew J White; Andrew J Cant; Sophie Hambleton; and Megan A Cooper.
"Early-onset lymphoproliferation and autoimmunity caused by germline STAT3 gain-of-function mutations.."