Visceral and Neural Manipulation in Children with Cerebral Palsy and Chronic Constipation: Five Case Reports.
The purpose of this case study series was to assess improvement in the quality of life, function, and colonic motility before and after visceral and neural manipulation in five children with cerebral palsy and chronic constipation who had Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) levels of IV and V. Quality of life and function were assessed using the CPCHILD and the WeeFIM respectively. The CPCHILD and WeeFIM were administered at baseline before the intervention, after the intervention, and again at least three months post intervention. Colonic motility was assessed radiographically at baseline and post-intervention utilizing ingested radiopaque markers (Sitz markers). Bowel movement number and quality were assessed through family diaries. All subjects showed some degree of improved quality of life and function on the CPCHILD and WeeFIM at the end of the intervention. Colonic motility assessed radiographically before and after treatment was not statistically significant due to the small number of participants; however, the number of bowel movements increased during the study for 100% of the participants. Visceral and neural manipulation modalities may provide clinicians and families with an alternative to medications and/or other more invasive interventions.
Zollars, Jean Anne; Margaret Armstrong; Sandra Whisler; and Susan Williamson.
"Visceral and Neural Manipulation in Children with Cerebral Palsy and Chronic Constipation: Five Case Reports.."