Human populations in Colorado, New Mexico and Texas depend on the Rio Grande for municipal water, agricultural irrigation, and recreation. The Rio Grande and its riparian corridor also support thousands of species of plants, invertebrates and vertebrates, some of which include over 300 species of migratory birds and the endangered Rio Grande silvery minnow and southwestern willow flycatcher. Eutrophication and salinization are the two most important types of water quality degradation which negatively impact the human and nonhuman biological communities in this water poor region. In spite of their significance, few published studies have investigated anthropogenic and natural sources of nutrients and dissolved solids to the Rio Grande. This study investigated the patterns and trends of nutrients and dissolved solids in the Middle Rio Grande (MRG) on a monthly basis from September 2005 - January 2008. During all months, wastewater treatment plants were the major source of nutrients to the MRG. Under high flow conditions, nutrient levels remained elevated for 260 river kilometers below the wastewater inputs. During months when significant portions of the river flow were diverted for irrigation, nitrate and phosphate were removed from the MRG and concentrations at the downstream end of the reach were returned to levels comparable to the un-impacted northern reach of river. Dissolved solids were added to the river by both wastewater and saline tributary inputs. Both anthropogenic and natural inputs of dissolved solids were found to affect water quality in the MRG. Continuous real-time measurements of temperature, pH, turbidity, dissolved oxygen, and conductivity also were initiated at four sites above and through the urban reach of the City of Albuquerque. Preliminary results show increasing turbidity and dissolved oxygen depletions associated with storm runoff from urban areas.


Other Identifier


Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity (KNB) Identifier


Document Type



This dataset was originally published on the Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network Data Portal,, and potentially via other repositories or portals as described. The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) of the source data package is doi:10.6073/pasta/4e916dab1acb15764a578494f106847d, and may be accessed at Metadata and files included in this record mirror as closely as possible the source data and documentation, with the provenance metadata and quality report generated by the LTER portal reproduced here as '*-provenance.xml' and *-report.html' files, respectively.


Data Policies: This dataset is released to the public and may be freely downloaded. Please keep the designated Contact person informed of any plans to use the dataset. Consultation or collaboration with the original investigators is strongly encouraged. Publications and data products that make use of the dataset must include proper acknowledgement of the Sevilleta LTER. Datasets must be cited as in the example provided. A copy of any publications using these data must be supplied to the Sevilleta LTER Information Manager. By downloading any data you implicitly acknowledge the LTER Data Policy (


Temporal coverage

2005-09-17 - 2008-02-04

Spatial coverage

The Rio Grande River, Bernalillo 550 Bridge, is located north of Albuquerque where NM 550 to Cuba cross the river.This site is located on the Rio Grande River Below Rio Rancho Waste Water Treatment PlantThis site is located on the Rio Grande River where Rio Bravo Blvd cross the river in the southern part of AlbuquerqueThis site is located on the Rio Grande River above Isleta and I-25



Permanent URL

knb-lter-sev.180.374117-metadata.html (132 kB)
Show full metadata

knb-lter-sev.180.374117-provenance.xml (3 kB)
Show provenance metadata

knb-lter-sev.180.374117-report.html (28 kB)
Show original LTER Network Data Portal ingest report

sev180_waterchemistry_02282012.txt (131 kB)
Data in TXT format


Article Location