Publication Date



31 p. ; This student paper has been awarded the 2004-2005 Helen S. Carter Prize.


Human rights violations have commanded markedly different responses from international organizations, nations and affected communities. Although divergent in structure, jurisdiction and procedure, each systemic response shares a common goal − national reconciliation and social reconstruction. This paper primarily focuses on a more traditional system, the International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda (ICTR), in an effort to compare and distinguish its reconciliatory impact with alternative systems employed by the Rwandese government, its localities and South Africa post apartheid. In order to assess the likely impact of alternative systems on a nation of genocide survivors, one must first understand the historical precursors − the origin, enormity and longevity of tensions that gave rise to the tragedy itself. With that in mind, this paper provides a brief history of events leading up to the 1994 Rwandese genocide. It then presents an overview of the ICTRs formation and the criticisms that ensued and concludes with an exploration of the alternatives.'


University of New Mexico School of Law

Document Type

Student Paper



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