Recent scholarship by Bonvini (2008a:54, 2008b:101) estimates that there are perhaps 4,000 words from African languages attested in Brazilian Portuguese. In his analysis, these Africanisms originated from code-switching speakers of various African languages and Portuguese within Brazil (Bonvini 2008b:117). However, in spite of the formerly wide distribution of African languages in Brazil, only little is known about them. In the words of Bonvini and Petter (1998:74): What do we really know about the African languages spoken in Brazil? Unfortunately, the answer to this question is close to nothing (Bonvini 2008a:21; Castro 2001:71).
LAII Research Paper Series 52
The Latin American and Iberian Institute of the University of New Mexico
lexicon, Calunga, lexical comparison, Afro-Brazilian speech, Minas Gerais, Sao Paulo, Bahia
Byrd, Steven. "The lexicon of Calunga and a lexical comparison with other forms of Afro-Brazilian speech from Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Bahia." (2010). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/laii_research/46