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For many years, environmental sustainability for the US-Mexico border region was just another issue on the agenda at the Border Governors Conference. But the issue gained a much higher prominence in 2008, thanks in part to the strong advocacy of California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, who had made environmental initiatives his top priority since he first participated in the forum five years ago. California's turn to host the Border Governors Conference came in 2008, giving Schwarzenegger the opportunity to make environmental sustainability the central theme of the 26th annual conference, held in Hollywood, California, Aug. 13-15. The conference addressed some of the advances that have been already taken place in reducing pollution along the border as well as the many challenges ahead for the chief executives of the 10 states.