2022 Pediatric Research Forum Poster Session

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Background: The quality of interactions between children and their caregivers significantly impacts a child’s development. We explored the relationship between maternal interactive behaviors during play, parental well-being and cognitive and language development in children aged 18 months old. Methods: Healthy term infants were recruited in Albuquerque, NM between 2010-2012 as part of a longitudinal study (n=40). BSID-III was used as an objective measure of cognitive and language development. Parental well-being was measured using a parental stress index (PSI) questionnaire in addition to socioeconomic status (SES). The Maternal Attention Directing Manual (S. Landry 2000) was used to code free-play videos of mother-child dyads, focusing on positive maternal directing behaviors, such as “maintain” and “introduce,” and negative behaviors, such as “redirect” or “zaps.” Results: A significant positive correlation was found for language score and maternal frequency of maintaining behavior (p=0.001) and maintaining time (p



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