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By the dawn of the twentieth century, German historians, like "the German academic community as a whole, had fallen into the role of a vaguely conservative and decidedly official establishment." The last third of the nineteenth century had seen the triumph of Prussia over the academic world as well as the political communities of the German lands, with the cultural policy and impulses of Berlin deeply influencing the direction of German historiography and political thought. This influence took the form of an accommodation of power and idealism rather than a purge of the universities, which were the undisputed home of German historical writing.

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Journal of Contemporary History, 8 (1973), 3-33.

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