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The crisis of German professional life under Hitler was especially fateful for German Jews. When postwar German professional life had to be rebuilt, one of the hardest tasks was to reconnect with the fundamental values of modern professional activity without the emigrated and murdered German Jews who had been so instrumental in sustaining those values. The shape of Israeli professional life can be traced in some as yet little-explored ways back to influences brought to bear by German and other Central and Eastern European émigrés whose professionalization models before migration to Eretz Yisrael had much to do with the German experience.

Publication Title

"Professional Practices Transmitted – German Heritage and the Israeli Social Fabric," in Dan Diner and Moshe Zimmermann (eds.), Disseminating German Tradition: The Thyssen Lectures (Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 2009), 145-63.

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