Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies ETDs

Publication Date

Fall 11-9-2016


This study addresses current educational, political, and social challenges that many marginalized countries face, especially nations in the Broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA) region. The study examines the types of hegemony and its effects by addressing political, social, and educational ramifications. It scrutinizes the political, educational, and social history of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and uses it as an example for the region because of its political influence on the region. The study engages in a critical analysis of globalization alongside its tools to highlight its advantages and disadvantages to marginalized countries. It discusses the spread of the English language in marginalized communities, together with the status of the Arabic language in both lexical and mental dimensions. Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) was the methodology used to analyze the G8-Broader Middle East and North Africa G8-BMENA Partnership through examining documents produced by two entities in their annual meetings: first, government officials, and second, representatives of civil societies. These documents are organized by the type of discourse: first, official discourse (dominant) by government representatives, and second, public discourse by civil societies. The idea is to examine the connections and disconnections between the two discourses in the proposed reform efforts by the partnership. The study analyzes documents issued from 2004 to 2013, and it reveals evidence of a hegemonic relationship between the G8 countries, BMENA countries, and civil societies. It also uncovers some possible and dangerous political changes affecting not only the BMENA but also the world.


Critical, hegemony, discourse, educational, political, social, reform

Document Type




Degree Name

Language, Literacy and Sociocultural Studies

Level of Degree


Department Name

Language, Literacy, and Sociocultural Studies

First Committee Member (Chair)

Dr. Pisarn Bee Chamcharatsri

Second Committee Member

Dr. Mario Rivera

Third Committee Member

Dr. Glenabah Martinez

Fourth Committee Member

Dr. Ricky Lee Allen