Individual, Family, and Community Education ETDs

Publication Date



This was a study of an early form of bilingual/bicultural education. It examined how the Franciscans of New Mexico took the Genízaro from Santo Thomás Apóstol de Abiquiú and through their missionization program and the processes of (a) transculturation, (b) enculturation, and c) acculturation indoctrinated and transformed the Genízaro into Hispanic citizens (vecinos). Viewing the mission reducción as a pedagogical system (and not just a simple edifice), the study examined the education dynamics and effectiveness of the reducción in a particular community, viz., Santo Thomas Apóstol de Abiquiú.

This was a community anemnesis of the educative mission system at Abiquiú. Basically, the study was ethnohistorical, utilizing original Mexican and New Mexican manuscripts from the eighteenth century.

The effectiveness of the Spanish mission as a frontier institution was phenomenal. Judging by the large number of Genízaros that it acculturated and transformed into Hispanic citizens within a relatively short time, the bicultural and educational effectiveness of the reducción was highly successful.


Bilingual / bicultural education, SW education, Spanish colonial education, Indian education, Mexican American education, History of education

Document Type




Level of Degree


Department Name

Individual, Family, and Community Education

First Committee Member (Chair)

Louis A. Rosasco

Second Committee Member

Rupert A. Trujillo

Third Committee Member

Albert W. Vogel

Fourth Committee Member

Robert W. Kern

Fifth Committee Member

F. Chris Garcia

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