Background/Purpose: Individuals with Down syndrome generally have deficits in motor skills and decreased strength throughout development. There are several strengthening interventions that can be beneficial for improving the decreased strength and motor skills including progressive resistance training, treadmill training, and balance and agility training. The purpose of this case study and evidence-based analysis was to determine the effect that various strengthening interventions can have on the level of independence and potentially quality of life for individuals with Down syndrome. Case Description: The patient was a 23-month-old female diagnosed with Trisomy 21, as well as acute myelogenous leukemia. She had decreased strength and overall gross motor delays. Outcomes: Following various strengthening interventions of 8 randomized controlled trials, the experimental groups showed significant improvements in upper and lower-limb muscle strength, as well as improved balance and agility as compared to the control groups. Discussion: After performing an extensive database searches and research article analyses, it was determined that various strengthening interventions can lead to significant improvements in upper and lower-limb muscle strength, as well as improved balance and agility were observed in individuals of all ages with Down syndrome. Therefore, progressive resistance training, treadmill training, and agility training are interventions that can be used in the clinic to promote strengthening and allow for improved functional, social, and vocational independence for individuals of all ages with Down syndrome.
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Down Syndrome, independance, strengthening programs
Seeley, Jessica. "The Effects of Strengthening Programs on Independence on Individuals with Down Syndrome:A Case Report and Evidence Based Analysis." (2014). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/dpt/33
Available for download on Monday, March 14, 2118