By explicating the most prominent forms of participatory fan-art produced and consumed by members of the fan communities regarding Harry Potter, One Direction, and The Dallas Cowboys, this study has contributed to the field of fandom studies by presenting findings that are generalizable beyond a singular fannish context, and by explicating the unfounded categorizations that have divided the discipline.
The fan communities studied perform their fandom through the creation of participatory fan-art, and the fan-art created across all three fan communities can be divided into three distinct categories: the recontextualization of characters, the recontextualization of images, and the recontextualization of videos. The fan-art shared, consumed, and reciprocated within each fan community is scrutinized to a varying extent. Those works of art that claim greatest fealty to their source material are scrutinized most thoroughly by their consumers. Nonetheless, all three fan communities share an understanding about their characters’ quintessence, and require complete mastery of the source material from all involved in the production, consumption, and reciprocation of participatory art.
Harry Potter, One Direction, Dallas Cowboys, fandom, performance, participation
Level of Degree
Department of Communication and Journalism
First Committee Member (Chair)
Dr. David Weiss
Second Committee Member
Dr. Judith Hendry
Third Committee Member
Dr. Richard Schaefer
Gorissen, Sebastiaan. "Common among wizards, popstars, and cowboys: Performance and participation in media fandom." (2017). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/cj_etds/101