Jiménez-Domínguez B. Investigación ante acción participante: una dimensión desconocida. [Research on participatory action: an unknown dimension.] In: Montero M, ed. Psicología Social Comunitaria. [Social Community Psychology.] Guadalajara (Mexico): Universidad de Guadalajara [University of Guadalajara]; 1994. p. 103-137.
Objectives: To analyze the growth of Participatory Research-Action (PRA) and its relationship to community psychology.
Metholodology: Critical bibliographic review of the principal authors who have developed participatory research in the United States and Latin America, as well as their methodological proposals.
Results: The author analyzes the origins of community psychology and presents the most important authors who have favored its development. These authors include: Ignacio Martín-Baró, who unites his proposal with the postulates of liberation theology; Orlando Fals-Borda, recognized as a central author in the development of PRA; and, Maritza Montero, who worked out a schema for a theoretical model of the psychology of liberation. The chapter continues with an historical overview of the group, The Circle of Fals Borda, taking place during the 1970s in Switzerland . The author analyzes the significance of this group and the criticisms of it.
Conclusions:PRA, considered as a technique and conscious of its limitations, should be reimplanted critically in light of conceptual developments at the centurys end. In social psychology, the study of everyday life permits the incorporation of a critical and constructionist vision concerning the process of socialization, as a microsocial expression of macrosocial processes.
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