Summary Information
Rodent Parasite Data for the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico (1990-1998)
Creator:
Individual: Don Duszyinski
Physical Address:
Phone: US
Metadata Provider:
Individual: Information Manager Sevilleta LTER
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Postal Code: 87131
Phone: US
Phone: (505) 277-2109
Phone: (505) 277.5355
Email: data-use@sevilleta.unm.edu
Publication Date: 2010-09-15
Language: English
Abstract:
The 100,000 ha Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge (SNWR) in central New Mexico lies in a transition zone that straddles several major biomes of the Southwest, including Great Basin Shrub-Steppe, Mogollon Pinon-Juniper Woodland, Great Plains Grassland and Chihuahuan Desert. During 9 years, (1990-1998), collaborating with the University of New Mexico's Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) program, 3,235 rodents (28 species in 4 families) were collected and identified from permanent collecting sites on the 3 major habitat types (grassland, desert/creosote, woodland) on the SNWR. Hosts were necropsied for endoparasites (protozoa [coccidia], helminths) and some ectoparasites. We identified and analyzed all the parasites found in these hosts. By 1998, we had in place the means to easily identify and moniter the parasites from all mammalian hosts caught on the LTER Phase II grant.This is not just another parasite survey; the data we collected was unique for several reasons: 1) This was the first complete inventory of a natural assemblage of parasites from all mammalian (rodent) hosts in 3 different communities, each from a distinctly defined geographic locality (habitat type) over the period of a decade, and beyond; 2) This study was part of a multidisciplinary approach to address conceptual issues of climate change on ecosystem structure and function at multiple scales (individuals, communities, etc) and correlative data from these related studies will strengthen and contribute to the robustness of this data set; 3) As the only parasite study on any of the LTER projects nationwide, it provided an ideal model, and perhaps incentive for parallel longterm studies of parasite communities to be examined in a variety of other habitat types, and from a variety of different perspectives, and other LTER sites in the network.Upon completing the work, we were able to use these long-term data to try to understand the dynamics of natural host-parasite assemblages. Hypotheses were then erected to test/address at least these questions: How do the different parasite communities colonize, mature, climax and senesce over time (or do they?), Do they vary in response to abiotic (climate change) and/or biotic (dispersal, colonization) factors? What temporal and spatial scales, and among what kinds of organisms, do coevolutionary processes influence the community organization of these parasites? Studies of the dynamics of multiple, coexisting species are confined primarily to microtine rodents and have hinted that multiannual cycles tend to be synchronous (Brown and Heske 1990). Are similar patterns seen for the parasites of our desert rodents? Answers to these questions relating to community structure, as well as to questions concerning parasite biodiversity on the SNWR, can be answered paritially or completely by the information we gathered on the parasite species infecting rodents collected on the SNWR. Initial emphasis of our work was on identifying all the parasites collected, by processing 8 consecutive years of parasite data, and on training the undergraduate and graduate students involved in the art of taxonomy and nomenclature of parasitic protozoans and helminths,  to supply some of these answers.
Keywords:
Keyword: populations
Keyword Thesaurus: Core Areas
Keywords:
Keyword: parasitism
Keyword: trapping
Keyword: deserts
Keyword: grasslands
Keyword: small mammals
Keyword Thesaurus: LTER Controlled Vocabulary
Intellectual Rights:
Data Policies
This dataset is released to the public and may be freely downloaded. Please keep the designated contact person informed of any plans to use the dataset. Consultation or collaboration with the original investigators is strongly encouraged. Publications and data products that make use of the dataset must include proper acknowledgement of the Sevilleta LTER. A copy of any publications using these data must be supplied to the Sevilleta LTER Information Manager.
Distribution:
Online:
URL: http://sevdeims-d.lternet.edu/data/sev-13
Coverage:
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: Sepultura Canyon is one of the largest ravines coming down from the Los Pinos Mountains to McKenzie Flats. Originally a core site, rodent webs and vegetation line-intersept transects were located in Sepultura Canyon through 1992, when the US Fish and Wildlife Service established the Sevilleta Wolf Management Facility in the area.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.618
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.618
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.302
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.302
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1800
Altitude Maximum: 1800
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: Five Points Black Grama is on the transition between Chihuahuan Desert Scrub and Desert Grassland habitat. The site is subject to intensive research activity, including assessments of net primary productivity, phenology, and pollinator diversity, amongst other projects.  It is the site of the unburned black grama (GU) component of the Burn NPP study. On August 4, 2009, a lightning-initiated fire began on the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge. By August 5, 2009, the fire had reached the Five Points Black Grama site.  Portions of this site were burned, but not the entirety.  See individual projects for further information on the effects of the burn.  
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.736
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.736
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.3331
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.3331
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1615
Altitude Maximum: 1615
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: The Five Points area emcompasses both the Five Points Black Grama and Five Points Creosote study sites.  Five Points falls along the transition between the Chihuahuan Desert Scrub and Desert Grassland habitats.  Both core sites are subject to intensive research activities, including NPP measurements, phenology observations, pollinator diversity studies, and ground dwelling arthropod and rodent population assessments.  There are rain-out shelters for drought studies in both the Five Points Black Grama and Five Points Creosote sites.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.736
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.736
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.3331
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.3331
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1615
Altitude Maximum: 1615
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: The Rio Salado is an ephemeral tributary of the Rio Grande on the west side of the Sevilleta NWR, flowing west by northwest to east by southeast. Rio Salado Grassland & Rio Salado Larrea are two study sites established in 1989. These sites were established as counterparts to sites at Five Points. Between 1989 and 1998, vegetation, litter decomposition, and ground dwelling arthropod and rodent populations were studied at both sites. Core studies at these sites were largely terminated in 1998, although rodent populations are still monitored at the Rio Salado Larrea site because the Small Mammal Exclosure Study's Larrea plots are co-located there. Rio Salado Grassland is the location Met Station 44.The Rio Salado study sites are accessed by taking the San Acacia exit, going west and then taking the frontage road back north to the Sevilleta NWR gate.  After entering the refuge turn left after 0.2 mi and take this road 1.4 mi to a "T" in the road at the power lines.  An earthen berm stops road travel here and the met station is located about 300 m west on the blocked road. 
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.927
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.927
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.296
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.296
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1503
Altitude Maximum: 1503
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: The Rio Salado is an ephemeral tributary of the Rio Grande on the west side of the Sevilleta NWR, flowing west by northwest to east by southeast. Rio Salado Grassland & Rio Salado Larrea are two study sites established in 1989. These sites were established as counterparts to sites at Five Points. Between 1989 and 1998, vegetation, litter decomposition, and ground dwelling arthropod and rodent populations were studied at both sites. Core studies at these sites were largely terminated in 1998, although rodent populations are still monitored at the Rio Salado Larrea site as the Small Mammal Exclosure Study's Larrea plots are co-located there. Rio Salado Grassland is the location of Met Station 44. The Rio Salado study sites are accessed by taking the San Acacia exit, going west and then taking the frontage road back north to the Sevilleta NWR gate.  After entering the refuge turn left after 0.2 mi and take this road 1.4 mi to a "T" in the road at the power lines.  An earthen berm stops road travel here and the met station is located about 300 m west on the blocked road.  
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.927
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.927
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.269
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.269
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1503
Altitude Maximum: 1503
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: Ladron Foothills sites include Red Tank and Two-22 in the foothills of the Sierra Ladrones on the West side of the refuge.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -107.03
East Bounding Coordinates: -107.03
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.418
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.418
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1766
Altitude Maximum: 1766
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: The Goat Draw Juniper Savanna Core Site was established in 1998 in order to provide data at the lower end of the transition from the Pinon-Juniper Woodland habitat at the Cerro Montoso site to Juniper Savanna.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.523
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.523
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.4146
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.4146
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1790
Altitude Maximum: 1790
Altitude Units: meter
Temporal Coverage:
Date Range:
Begin Date:
Calendar Date: 1990-01-01
End Date:
Calendar Date: 1998-01-01
Maintenance Information:
Description:
File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson.  Helminth ID's entered and Eimeria Id's checked SKH and MR 7-98. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 25, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Checked by S. K. Heckscher 12 Feb. 1998. Helminth IDs entered and Eimerian ids checked 7-98 SKH and MR. Ectoparasites (fleas and lice) IDs by Dick Fagerlund entered by SKH 9-98 (3 entries). Kristin Vanderbilt (October 25, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Helminth id's entered and Eimeria id's checked SKH and MR 7-98. 4 Feb. 1997: Changed host on 26105 from pgfl to pgfv, and added nk#'s and error checked 26102. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. doc File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Helminth ids entered and Eimeria ids checked 7-98 SKH and MR. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Helminth ids entered and Eimeria ids checked 7/98 SKH and MR. Ectoparasites (fleas and lice) IDed by Dick Fagerlund entered by SKH 9/98. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Helminth ids entered and Eimeria Ids checked 3 August 1998, SKH and MR. Ectoparasites (fleas and lice) IDed by Dick Fagerlund and entered by SKH 9-98. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Helminth ids entered and Eimeria ids checked August 3, 1998, SKH and MR. Ectoparasites (fleas and lice) IDed by Dick Fagerlund, entered by SKH 9-98. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. File created by W.D. Wilson/D.W. Duszynski, 24 May 1993. Data entered by W.D. Wilson. Helminth ids entered and Eimeria ids checked 4 August, 1998 SKH and MR. Ectoparasites (fleas and lice) IDed by Dick Fagerlund, entered by SKH 9-98. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field. Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns. Archived file. Set up by S.K. Heckscher July 1998. Season 1 entered July 98 SKH. Season 2 entered December 98 KHD. Both seasons checked, December KHD and MR. Checked with Mammal.dbf 1/99. Peromyscus IDs could still change esp. nk 10082. The 10000 numbers are actually 100000 numbers. Since the database is only set up for a five digit nk number, we didn't want to mess it up so we left off one '0', this only happens this year. Kristin Vanderbilt (October 29, 2001) Inserted _'s between words in comments field.  Used get_maxcol_width.csh to calculate number of dashes for header section of file. Used align_IAF_columns.csh to left align all columns.  Archived file.The specimen with nk# 10082 is identified as pmle in this file, but is identified as pmbo in the mammal population dataset.  The specimen exists in the Museum of Southwest Biology, and its identification can be checked. 
Contact:
Position Title: Information Manager
Organization: LTER Network Office
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: UNM Biology Department, MSC03-2020
Delivery Address: 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Locality: NM
Postal Code: 87131-0001
Phone: USA
Phone: 505 277-2535
Phone: 505 277-2541
Email: tech-support@lternet.edu
URL: http://www.lternet.edu
Contact:
Individual: Information Manager Sevilleta LTER
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Postal Code: 87131
Phone: US
Phone: (505) 277-2109
Phone: (505) 277.5355
Email: data-use@sevilleta.unm.edu
Publisher:
Individual: Information Manager Sevilleta LTER
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Postal Code: 87131
Phone: US
Phone: (505) 277-2109
Phone: (505) 277.5355
Email: data-use@sevilleta.unm.edu
Publication Place: Sevilleta LTER
Method Step:
Description:
Web Trapping DesignSmall mammal densities were estimated by utilizing the following web design: Within each location 5 webs are established. Each web contains 12 100 m transects radiating from a central point in spoke-like fashion. Pieces of rebar, placed vertically in the ground, are used to mark the location and maintain permanency of trap placement, and each rebar is numbered (1-145). Four Sherman traps (model XLF15 and SFAL, H.B. Sherman Traps, Tallahassee, FL) are placed around the center stake of the web (numbered 145) and 12 traps are placed along each of the 12 spokes of the web, the first 4 at 5 m intervals and the remaining 8 placed at 10 m intervals. Trap number 1 is on the spoke facing due north and radiating out from the  center to trap number 12; the remaining 11 spokes follow with successive numbers increasing in a clockwise fashion. Traps are placed adjacent to rebar or in the nearest shaded area found within a 1 m radius from that rebar. The webs in any habitat type are seperated from each other by distances ranging from 100-600 m.Web DescriptionAt each habitat location, 2 webs are designated as "removal" webs. The other 3 webs are "mark-and-recapture" webs. Each web is numbered from 1 to 5. The following is a list of each web number at each site:Sepultura Canyon removal: web 2 web 5Sepultrua Canyon mark-and-recapture: web 1 web 3 web 4Five Points Grassland removal:web 1: 1060 43' 30.9533" W, 340 20' 6.6669" N web 4: 1060 43' 13.2383" W, 340 20' 10.3392" N Five Points Grassland mark-and-recapture:web 2: 1060 43' 19.5235" W, 340 20' 18.0169" N web 3: 1060 43' 5.6546" W, 340 20' 17.6016" N web 5: 1060 43' 20.5284" W, 340 20' 3.3414" N Five Points Larrea removal:web 2: 1060 43' 56.5134" W, 340 19' 52.0534" N web 4: 1060 44' 21.5012" W, 340 20' 3.0532" N Five Points Larrea mark-and-recapture:web 1: 1060 43' 44.5722" W, 340 19' 50.1725" N web 3: 1060 44' 11.5427" W, 340 19' 59.6857" N web 5: 1060 44' 31.7639" W, 340 20' 4.0357" N Rio Salado Grassland removal:web 2: 1060 55' 54.3702" W, 340 17' 39.4343" N web 3: 1060 56' 9.5089" W, 340 17' 28.8966" N Rio Salado Grassland mark-and-recapture:web 1: 1060 55' 44.2188" W, 340 17' 41.6938" N web 4: 1060 55' 58.7518" W, 340 17' 29.7131" N web 5: 1060 55' 47.9346" W, 340 17' 30.0713" N Rio Salado Larrea removal:web 1: 1060 55' 25.7955" W, 340 17' 42.1532" N web 3: 1060 54' 15.3606" W, 340 17' 18.5052" N Rio Salado Larrea mark-and-recapture:web 2: 1060 55' 16.9269" W, 340 17' 39.8632" N web 4: 1060 54' 16.0466" W, 340 17' 9.6752" N web 5: 1060 54' 18.5054" W, 340 17' 1.6667" N Two-twenty-two removal:web 2: 1070 02' 7.2931" W, 340 25' 13.8862" N web 3: 1070 01' 45.1839" W, 340 25' 5.4165" N Two-twenty-two mark-and-recapture:web 1: 1070 01' 36.5102" W, 340 25' 12.5298" N web 4: 1070 01' 36.5047" W, 340 25' 0.8576" N web 5: 1070 01' 57.2927" W, 340 25' 6.1467" N Trapping TimesThe season of 1990 was divided into 2 trapping periods: 1 (early summer) and 2 (late summer). period 1: 22 May - 28 June period 2: 10 July - 15 AugustLocations were trapped in the same order for each period, as follows:1. Sepultura Canyon (septulur)2. Five Points Grassland (5pgrass)3. Five Points Larrea (5plarrea)4. Rio Salado Larrea (rslarrea)5. Rio Salado Grassland (rsgrass)6. Two-twenty-two (two22) currently: Ladron Foothills Collection Procedures: Mark-and-recapture webs A small handful of rolled oats is placed into each trap, with an additional small amount of oats placed outside the trap door when it is set in the evening. Animals caught the next morning are removed from traps by forcefully dumping them into plastic bags; this allows one to orient the animal and get a good grip on it for identification and measurement. Each animal is then identified to species and weighed to the nearest gram using a pesola scale. Body, tail, foot, and ear measurments are taken to the nearest millimeter using a plastic ruler. Reproductive status is determined by examining the genitalia. Each animal is sexed, aged (juvenile/adult) and marked. Marking is done with a Sharpie permanent marker on each animal on the first night's capture for that individual. The animals are then placed back into their traps and released at the exact site of capture after which the traps are rebaited. Removal webs Removal traps are checked and rebaited as the mark-and-recapture traps. All closed traps are checked to insure they contained small mammals (other animals such as birds and reptiles are released); each trap is marked with the web and trap number and then removed from the web and replaced with an empty a trap. The animals are then brought back to the laboratory to be processed. Below is the species list of all the small mammals caught on the 6 trapping sites. Each species is given a four letter field code, usually consisting of the first 2 leters of the genus and the first 2 leters of the specific names. Measurements made in the field and laboratory for each species also are listed: 1. BL: body length 2. TL: tail length 3. HF: hind foot length 4. EL: ear length The species and their measurements are as follows:anim: Ammospermophilus interpres measurements: noneamle: Ammospermophilus leucurus measurements: nonechin: Chaetodipus intermedius measurements: noneclga: Clethrionomys gapperi measurements: ?dior: Dipodomys ordi measurements: nonedime: Dipodomys merriami measurements: nonedisp: Dipodomys spectabilis measurements: noneeuqu: Eutamias quadrivittatus measurements: noneeudo: Eutamias dorsalis measurements: noneeuci: Eutamias cinereicollis measurements: noneeusp: Eutamias species measurements: nonemime: Microtus mexicanus measurements: ?neal: Neotoma albigula measurements: noneneme: Neotoma mexicana measurements: nonenemi: Neotoma micropus measurements: nonenest: Neotoma stephensi measurements: nonenesp: Neotoma species measurements: noneonar: Onychomys arenicola measurements: BL, TLonle: Onychomys leucogaster measurements: BL, TLonsp: Onychomys species measurements: BL, TLpgfv: Perognathus flavus measurements: BL, TLpgfl: Perognathus flavescens measurements: BL, TLpgsp: Perognathus species measurements: BL, TLpmbo: Peromyscus boylii measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELpmdi: Peromyscus difficilis measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELpmer: Peromyscus eremicus measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELpmle: Peromyscus leucopus measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELpmma: Peromyscus maniculatus measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELpmtr: Peromyscus truei measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELpmsp: Peromyscus species measurements: BL, TL, HF, ELremg: Reithrodontomys megalotis measurements: BL, TLremo: Reithrodontomys montanus measurements: BL, TLresp: Reithrodontomys species measurements: BL, TLspsp: Spermophilus spilosoma measurements: nonespva: Spermophilus variagatus measurements: nonesyau: Sylvilagus auduboni measurements: noneLaboratory Procedures: When animals are brought back to the field station, each is given an NK (New Mexico Karyotype) number and then killed by accepted and approved procedures. The animal is immediatedly removed from the jar and brushed for ectoparasites using a toothbrush. Any ectoparasites found are placed into a small vial (Wheaton, 4 ml) with 70 0.000000E+00tOH and a label with its NK number. The host is then given to the mammalogists for identification, measurement, collection of tissues for electrophoresis, etc. (see mammal procedures). Once the carcass is returned, an incision is made in the abdomen beginning just above the genital area and ending just below the thoracic cavity. The entire gastrointestinal tract is removed by cutting the esophagusjust anterior to the stomach and the colon just anterior to the anus. The GI tract is then placed into a Petri dish with a small amount of water (to keep it moist); it is then untangled and the mesentary is removed. Fecal pellets are then removed from the colon and placed into a Wheaton vial (20 ml) containing 2138ebcotassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7) and the host's NK number. The stomach is then removed by cutting the pyloric sphincter. The stomach is then cut open by making a lateral incision along the length of the stomach after which the contents are emptied into a sieve (40mesh) and rinsed with tap water. The remaining material is placed back into a clean Petri dish and surveyed for parasites using a dissecting scope. The small intestine (duodenum, ileum, jejunum) is dissected in a clean Petri dish making a longitudinal incision along the length of the intestine. The contents of the intestine are then examined (scraping the intestine with a #0 insect pin) for parasites using a dissecting scope. The cecum is dissected by making an incision along the length of the cecum after which the contents are emptied into a sieve (60 mesh) and rinsed with tap water. The remaining material is then placed into a clean Petri dish and examined using a dissecting scope. Nematodes are fixed in GAA (Glacial Acetic Acid) until they are relaxed (3-4 min) and then stored in 100uffered formalin. Cestodes and Acanthocephalans are relaxed in dH2O (30-45 min) and then fixed and stored in 100uffered formalin. Fecal pellets are examined by sugar floatation. If viscera were not necropsied in the field they were frozen for later examination. Below is the species list of all the parasites found in the small mammals caught on the 2 removal trapping webs from all 6 sites. Each species is given a four letter code, usually consisting of the first 2 letters of the genus and the first 2 letters of the specific name. The coccidia are different however, the first letter designates the genus with the last 3 letter comming from the specific name and is periodically being updated. A updated list can be found on the web site (http://sevilleta/data/species/parasite/) The species are as follows:acan: acanthocephala spadsp: Adelina speciescaut: Catenotaenia utahensiscuau: Cuterebra austenicune: Cuterebra neomexicanacusp: Cuterebra speciescest: cestode spealb: Eimeria albigulaeeari: Eimeria arizonensisebal: Eimeria balphaiecal: Eimeria callospermophiliecha: Eimeria chaetodipiechi: Eimeria chihuahuaensisecho: Eimeria chobotariedip: Eimeria dipodomysisedor: Eimeria dorsaliseere: Eimeria eremiciehis: Eimeria hispidensiselad: Eimeria ladronensiselan: Eimeria langebartelielat: Eimeria lateraliseleu: Eimeria leucopielio: Eimeria liomysisemer: Eimeria merriamiemoh: Eimeria mohavensiseneo: Eimeria neotomaeeony: Eimeria onychomysisepeg: Eimeria perognathieper: Eimeria peromyscieree: Eimeria reediesch: Eimeria scholtyseckiespp: Eimeria speciesetam: Eimeria tamiasciuruseuta: Eimeria utahensisflea: Siphonaptera sphede: Heteromyoxyuris desertihyci: Hymenolepis citelliissp: Isospora speciesiper: Isospora peromyscilice: Mallophaga or Anopluramadi: Mastophorus dipodomismadp: Mathovetaenia dipodomimite: Acarimocl: Moniliformis clarkina: not availablenega: negative nanema: Nematode spoode: Oochoristica desertiposi: positive naphma: Physaloptera massinoptdi: Pterygodermatites dipodomisrare: Raillietina retactalisscdi: Schizorchodes dipodomisyeu: Syphacia eutamiitick: Acaritrdi: Trichuris dipodomistrel: Trichuris elatoristrem: trematode spunsp: unsporulated na
Data Table:
Entity Name: sev013_rodentparasite_20130818.txt
Entity Description: Data for Rodent Parasites study
Object Name: sev013_rodentparasite_02182011.txt
Size: 789411
Data Format:
Text Format:
Number of Header Lines: 1
Record Delimiter: \n
Attribute Orientation: column
Simple Delimited:
Field Delimiter: ,
Quote Character: "
Distribution:
Online:
URL: https://pasta.lternet.edu/package/data/eml/knb-lter-sev/13/270186/ab8e4f93cba8b4f07c07baa86678a29a
Coverage:
Temporal Coverage:
Date Range:
Begin Date:
Calendar Date: 1990-01-01
End Date:
Calendar Date: 1998-01-01
Attribute List:
Attribute Name: date
Attribute Label: date
Attribute Definition: The year in which data was collected.
Storage Type: date
Measurement Scale:
Datetime:
Format String: YYYY
Attribute Name: site
Attribute Label: site
Attribute Definition: The site in which the data were collected
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: two22
Definition: 222 (Ladron Foothills)
Code Definition:
Code: rsgrass
Definition: Rio Salado Grassland
Code Definition:
Code: rslarrea
Definition: Rio Salado Larrea
Code Definition:
Code: 5plarrea
Definition: Five Points Larrea
Code Definition:
Code: 5pgrass
Definition: Five Points Grassland
Code Definition:
Code: goatdraw
Definition: Goat Draw
Code Definition:
Code: sepultur
Definition: Sepultura Canyon
Missing Value Code:
Code: na
Code Explanation: missing
Attribute Name: Season
Attribute Label: season
Attribute Definition: The period during which trapping occurred.
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: 1
Definition: First trapping period, between May and June.
Code Definition:
Code: 2
Definition: Second trapping period, between July and August.
Code Definition:
Code: 3
Definition: Second trapping period, between September and October.
Attribute Name: trap_night
Attribute Label: trap_night
Attribute Definition: Night in which mammal was collected
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: 1
Definition: first night
Code Definition:
Code: 2
Definition: second night
Code Definition:
Code: 3
Definition: third night
Attribute Name: Web #
Attribute Label: web#
Attribute Definition: The number of the web trapped (1-5)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: The number of the web trapped (1-5)
Attribute Name: Trap number
Attribute Label: trap_number
Attribute Definition: The number of the trap in which the mammal was collected (1-145)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: The number of the trap in which the mammal was collected (1-145)
Attribute Name: Host species
Attribute Label: host_species
Attribute Definition: Four letter code of the genus and species of mammal
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Four letter code of the genus and species of mammal
Attribute Name: nk number
Attribute Label: nk#
Attribute Definition: New Mexico karyotype number (assigned by the museum of southwestern biology)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: New Mexico karyotype number (assigned by the museum of southwestern biology)
Attribute Name: host sex
Attribute Label: host_sex
Attribute Definition: The sex of the mammal captured (M or F)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: M
Definition: male
Code Definition:
Code: F
Definition: female
Attribute Name: MSB number
Attribute Label: msb#
Attribute Definition: Museum of southwestern biology catalog number
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Museum of southwestern biology catalog number
Attribute Name: feces
Attribute Label: feces
Attribute Definition: Feces collected (Y or N)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Feces collected (Y or N)
Attribute Name: Ecto
Attribute Label: ecto
Attribute Definition: Ectoparasites collected (Y or N)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Ectoparasites collected (Y or N)
Attribute Name: necrop
Attribute Label: necrop
Attribute Definition: Necropsy done (Y or N)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Necropsy done (Y or N)
Attribute Name: helminths
Attribute Label: helminths
Attribute Definition: Helminths (worms) found (Y or N)
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Helminths (worms) found (Y or N)
Attribute Name: tissue
Attribute Label: tissue
Attribute Definition: Describes which tissue the parasites were found in
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: feces
Definition: fecal pellets
Code Definition:
Code: st
Definition: stomach
Code Definition:
Code: si
Definition: small intestine
Code Definition:
Code: cc
Definition: cecum or large intestines
Code Definition:
Code: bc
Definition: body cavity
Attribute Name: p_id
Attribute Label: p_id
Attribute Definition: Parasite identification. Please see metadata for list of species.
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Parasite identification. Please see metadata for list of species.
Attribute Name: p_sex
Attribute Label: p_sex
Attribute Definition: Sex of the parasite (M, F, or unknown(na))
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Sex of the parasite (M, F, or unknown(na))
Attribute Name: p_count
Attribute Label: p_count
Attribute Definition: The number of parasites found
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: The number of parasites found
Attribute Name: comments
Attribute Label: comments
Attribute Definition: A special statement related to an observation.
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: na
Definition: not applicable