Diaz E, Álvarez L, Farnot U. Factores de riesgo demográficos y sociales del aborto. [Demographic and social risk factors of abortion.] Revista Cubana de Salud Pública [Cuban Journal of Public Health] 2001 January-June ( Havana , Cuba ); 27(1).

Objectives: To help identify determinants of abortion by women in the city of Havana , Cuba .

Methodology: Quantitative; included all pregnant women registered in 12 polyclinics during an 18-month period.

Results: The abortion figures for Cuba in recent years hold particular importance. The number of abortions per 1000 live births has held steady above 50 over the last decade. Contraception followed by abortion are the leading causes of declined fertility in Cuba . The focus on gender represents one of the social sciences’ principal contributions to the study of fertility. This approach proposes some explanations about the influence of messages at home and school on reproductive behavior concerning girls’ and boys’ roles in family and society. These messages continue into adulthood, fixing the role of each sex in the labor force and as parents, and influence their sexual and reproductive behaviors.

The research data show that the risk factors of women who terminate their pregnancies through abortion are, in order of importance, living in dwellings with fewer than 4 rooms, having had fewer than three previous abortions, sharing living space with a number of families, being an adolescent with deficient schooling or an adult who has gone through fewer than 10 grades, being a smoker, and being unmarried. Interpretation of the data demonstrates that the most important determinant of abortion is a woman’s living in a dwelling with no more than three rooms.

Conclusions: The authors note that the factors which have been proven important in the multifactorial study can serve as a base for constructing a usable model to identify those pregnancies at risk for abortion.

Copyright 2007 University of New Mexico