Romero D, Szwarcwald CL. Crisis económica y mortalidad infantil en Latinoamérica desde los años ochenta . [Economic crisis and infant mortality in Latin America since the 1980s.] Cadernos de Saúde Pública [Public Health Notebooks] (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) 2000 July-September; 16(3):799-814.

Objectives: To analyze the relationship between economic crisis and infant mortality in Latin America since the 1980s.

Methodology: Comparative study involving a nalysis of secondary data from nine Latin American countries. The countries were selected based on the United Nations Human Development Index. All countries selected occupied a similar position in the Index. The countries were Chile, Costa Rica, Argentina, Uruguay, Panama, Venezuela, Mexico, Colombia, and Brazil.

Results: The authors describe the decline and inequalities among the countries, according to selected socio-economic indicators and to changes in the quotient of infant mortality. Findings from the statistical analysis indicated that infant mortality was negatively associated with short-term economic growth. The correlation between worsening infant mortality and growth of poverty was positive and significant. The impact of the economic crisis during the 1980s manifested varying intensity in the different countries under consideration; a plausible explanation was the inequality of incomes among them.

Conclusions: Analytical studies focusing on the relationship between socio-economic indicators and infant mortality are important and should continue to be undertaken.

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