Summary Information
Riparian Evapotranspiration (ET) Study (SEON) from the Middle Rio Grande River Bosque, New Mexico (1999-2011 ): Soil Thermal Flux, Temperature and Moisture Data
Creator:
Individual: Clifford Dahm
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: Sevilleta LTER, 167 Castetter Hall, University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Locality: NM
Postal Code: 87131
Phone: US
Email: cdahm@sevilleta.unm.edu
Creator:
Individual: Jim Thibault
Organization: UNM Biology Department
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: UNM Biology Dept, MSC03 2020, 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Locality: NM
Postal Code: 87131
Phone: US
Phone: (505) 277-1151
Phone: (505) 277.6318
Email: jrtebo@sevilleta.unm.edu
Publication Date: 2016-07-05
Language: English
Abstract:
This study originated with the objective of parameterizing riparian evapotranspiration (ET) in the water budget of the Middle Rio Grande. We hypothesized that flooding and invasions of non-native species would strongly impact ecosystem water use. Our objectives were to measure and compare water use of native (Rio Grande cottonwood, Populus deltoides ssp. wizleni) and non-native (saltcedar, Tamarix chinensis, Russian olive, Eleagnus angustifolia) vegetation and to evaluate how water use is affected by climatic variability resulting in high river flows and flooding as well as drought conditions and deep water tables. Eddy covariance flux towers to measure ET and shallow wells to monitor water tables were instrumented in 1999. Active sites in their second decade of monitoring include a xeroriparian, non-flooding salt cedar woodland within Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge and a dense, monotypic salt cedar stand at Bosque del Apache NWR, which is subject to flood pulses associated with high river flows. This data set includes the soil temperature and moisture data collected during this study.
Keywords:
Keyword: inorganic nutrients
Keyword Thesaurus: Core Areas
Keywords:
Keyword: riparian
Keyword: eddy covariance
Keyword: eddy covariance
Keyword: evapotranspiration
Keyword: evapotranspiration
Keyword: water table
Keyword: trees
Keyword Thesaurus: LTER Controlled Vocabulary
Intellectual Rights:
Data Policies
This dataset is released to the public and may be freely downloaded. Please keep the designated contact person informed of any plans to use the dataset. Consultation or collaboration with the original investigators is strongly encouraged. Publications and data products that make use of the dataset must include proper acknowledgement of the Sevilleta LTER. A copy of any publications using these data must be supplied to the Sevilleta LTER Information Manager.
Distribution:
Online:
URL: http://sev.lternet.edu/content/riparian-evapotranspiration-et-study-seon-middle-rio-grande-river-bosque-new-mexico-1999
Coverage:
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: Sevilleta NWR, west side of Rio Grande, approx. 1.5 km upstream (N) of San Acacia Diversion.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.868
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.868
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.2656
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.2656
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1427
Altitude Maximum: 1427
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: Bosque del Apache NWR, west side of Rio Grande, approx. 1.5 km downstream (S) of NWR bridge over Low Flow Conveyance Channel.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.877
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.877
North Bounding Coordinates: 33.7811
South Bounding Coordinates: 33.7811
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1373
Altitude Maximum: 1373
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: Albuquerque South Valley (access off Shirk Ln), east side of Rio Grande, approx. 1 km upstream (N) of U.S. Interstate 25 bridge over Rio Grande.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.683
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.683
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.9588
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.9588
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1496
Altitude Maximum: 1496
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: South of Belen (Rio Communities, access off NM 304 via La Grima Rd.), east side of Rio Grande, approx. 7 km downstream (S) of NM 309 bridge over Rio Grande.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.749
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.749
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.5901
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.5901
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1458
Altitude Maximum: 1458
Altitude Units: meter
Geographic Goverage:
Geographic Description: La Joya State Game Refuge, west side of Rio Grande, approx. 3.5 km downstream (S) of Rio Puerco confluence with Rio Grande.
Bounding Coordinates:
West Bounding Coordinates: -106.859
East Bounding Coordinates: -106.859
North Bounding Coordinates: 34.3471
South Bounding Coordinates: 34.3471
Bounding Altitude:
Altitude Minimum: 1435
Altitude Maximum: 1435
Altitude Units: meter
Temporal Coverage:
Date Range:
Begin Date:
Calendar Date: 1999-04-17
End Date:
Calendar Date: 2011-12-31
Contact:
Position Title: Information Manager
Organization: LTER Network Office
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: UNM Biology Department, MSC03-2020
Delivery Address: 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Locality: NM
Postal Code: 87131-0001
Phone: USA
Phone: 505 277-2535
Phone: 505 277-2541
Email: tech-support@lternet.edu
URL: http://www.lternet.edu
Contact:
Individual: Information Manager Sevilleta LTER
Physical Address:
Delivery Address: 1 University of New Mexico
City: Albuquerque
Postal Code: 87131
Phone: US
Phone: (505) 277-2109
Phone: (505) 277.5355
Email: data-use@sevilleta.unm.edu
Publisher:
Organization: Sevilleta Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Project
URL: http://sev.lternet.edu
Publication Place: Sevilleta LTER
Method Step:
Description:
Methods: Three-dimensional eddy covariance: Measures fluxes of latent heat, sensible heat, and momentum, integrated over an area such as a vegetation canopy. High frequency measurements are made of vertical wind speed and water vapor, and their covariance over thirty minutes is used to compute latent heat flux, the heat absorbed by evaporation, from the canopy surface. Latent heat flux (LE) is converted to a direct measurement of evapotranspiration (ET). Simultaneous, high frequency measurements of temperature are used with vertical wind speed to compute the sensible heat flux (H), the heat transfer due to vertical temperature gradients. Measuring net radiation (Rn) and ground heat flux (G), allows the energy balance to be calculated (Rn = LE + H + G), providing a self-check for accuracy and closure error.
Instrumentation: Current Instruments: *Instrument Name: 3-D Sonic Anemometer *Manufacturer: Campbell Scientific, Inc. (Logan, UT) *Model Number: CSAT3 *Instrument Name: CO2/H2O Analyzer *Manufacturer: Li-Cor, Inc. (Lincoln, NE) *Model Number: LI-7500 *Instrument Name: Net Radiometer *Manufacturer: Kipp & Zonen (Delft, The Netherlands) *Model Number: CNR1 *Instrument Name: Barometric Pressure Sensor *Manufacturer: Vaisala (Helsinki, Finland) *Model Number: CS105 *Instrument Name: Temperature and Relative Humidity Probe *Manufacturer: Vaisala (Helsinki, Finland) *Model Number: HMP45C *Instrument Name: Wind Sentry (Anemometer and Vane) *Manufacturer: R.M. Young (Traverse City, MI) *Model Number: 03001 *Instrument Name: Tipping Bucket Rain Gage *Manufacturer: Texas Electronics, Inc. (Dallas, TX) *Model Number: TE525 *Instrument Name: Quantum Sensor (PAR) *Manufacturer: Li-Cor, Inc. (Lincoln, NE) *Model Number: LI-190 *Instrument Name: Water Content Reflectometer *Manufacturer: Campbell Scientific, Inc. (Logan, UT) *Model Number: CS616 *Instrument Name: Soil Heat Flux Plate *Manufacturer: Radiation and Energy Balance Systems, Inc. (Bellevue, WA) *Model Number: HFT3 *Instrument Name: Averaging Soil Thermocouple Probe *Manufacturer: Campbell Scientific, Inc. (Logan, UT) *Model Number: TCAV *Instrument Name: Measurement and Control System (Datalogger) *Manufacturer: Campbell Scientific, Inc. (Logan, UT) *Model Number: CR5000 *Instrument Name: Levelogger and Barologger (Water Table) *Manufacturer: Solinst Canada Ltd. (Georgetown, ON, Canada) *Model Number: 3001 LT M10 and 3001 LT M1.5 *Instrument Name: Mini-Diver, Cera-Diver, and Baro-Diver (Water Table) *Manufacturer: Van Essen Instruments ((Delft, The Netherlands) *Model Number: DI501, DI701, and DI500 Discontinued Instruments: *Instrument Name: Krypton Hygrometer *Manufacturer: Campbell Scientific, Inc. (Logan, UT) *Model Number: KH2O *Instrument Name: Net Radiometer *Manufacturer: Radiation and Energy Balance Systems, Inc. (Bellevue, WA) *Model Number: Q-7.1 *Instrument Name: Pyranometer *Manufacturer: Kipp & Zonen (Delft, The Netherlands) *Model Number: CM3 *Instrument Name: Micrologger *Manufacturer: Campbell Scientific, Inc. (Logan, UT) *Model Number: CR23X *Instrument Name: Submersible Sensor Pressure Transducer (Water Table) *Manufacturer: Electronic Engineering Innovations (Las Cruces, NM) *Model Number: 2.0 (2 m) and 5.0 (4 m)
Method Step:
Description:
Sites: Two Rio Grande riparian locations in P. deltoides forests, two in T. chinensis forests. In each forest type, one of the two sites is prone to flooding from elevated Rio Grande flows, and the other site does not flood. A fifth site was located in a mix of non-native Eleagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) and native Salix exigua (coyote willow) prone to flooding.
Method Step:
Description:
Design: Eddy covariance systems were mounted on towers in the turbulent surface layer 2-2.5 m above the canopy. Measurement period was 10 Hz and the covariance period was 30 minutes. Additional energy fluxes were made at 1 Hz and averaged over 30 minutes.
Data Table:
Entity Name: sev310_bosqueETSoil_20160710.csv
Object Name: sev310_bosqueETSoil_20160713.csv
Size: 126155739
Data Format:
Text Format:
Number of Header Lines: 1
Record Delimiter: \r\n
Attribute Orientation: column
Simple Delimited:
Field Delimiter: ,
Distribution:
Online:
URL: https://pasta.lternet.edu/package/data/eml/knb-lter-sev/310/3/58fbfa6a0f0a8e228ce8dbd2139bcb9b
Attribute List:
Attribute Name: Site
Attribute Label: Site
Attribute Definition: Site in the Rio Grande River bosque where ET tower was located.
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Enumerated Domain:
Code Definition:
Code: sev
Definition: Sevilleta saltcedar
Code Definition:
Code: bdas
Definition: Bosque del Apache saltcedar
Code Definition:
Code: shk
Definition: Albuquerque cottonwood
Code Definition:
Code: bln
Definition: Belen cottonwood
Code Definition:
Code: laro
Definition: La Joya Russian olive/willow
Attribute Name: Year
Attribute Label: Year
Attribute Definition: Year of data collection
Storage Type: date
Measurement Scale:
Datetime:
Format String: YYYY
Attribute Name: Day
Attribute Label: Day
Attribute Definition: Day of the year on which data were collected
Storage Type: date
Measurement Scale:
Datetime:
Format String: DD
Attribute Name: Time
Attribute Label: Time
Attribute Definition: Time of data collection (24 hour clock in local time zone, which is US Mountain Time Zone)
Storage Type: date
Measurement Scale:
Datetime:
Format String: hm
Attribute Name: shf1_AVG
Attribute Label: shf1_AVG
Attribute Definition: Soil heat flux: Average soil heat fluxes from two transducer plates at 8 cm depth
Measurement Scale:
Ratio:
Unit:
Custom Unit: wattPerMeterSquared
Numeric Domain:
Number Type: real
Bounds:
Minimum: -500
Maximum: -300
Missing Value Code:
Code: -999.999
Code Explanation: missing
Attribute Name: shf2_AVG
Attribute Label: shf2_AVG
Attribute Definition: Soil heat flux: Average soil heat fluxes from two transducer plates at 8 cm depth
Measurement Scale:
Ratio:
Unit:
Custom Unit: wattPerMeterSquared
Numeric Domain:
Number Type: real
Missing Value Code:
Code: -999.9999
Code Explanation: Missing
Attribute Name: Tsoil
Attribute Label: Tsoil
Attribute Definition: Soil temperature: Average soil temperature (from 4 thermocouples) in the layer above the soil heat flux plates, used to calculate stored energy term for deriving ground heat flux
Measurement Scale:
Ratio:
Unit:
Standard Unit: celsius
Numeric Domain:
Number Type: real
Missing Value Code:
Code: -999.9999
Code Explanation: missing
Attribute Name: soil_water
Attribute Label: soil_water
Attribute Definition: Volumetric soil water content: Soil water content adjacent to the soil thermocouples, used to calculate stored energy term for deriving ground heat flux
Storage Type: string
Measurement Scale:
Nominal:
Non Numeric Domain:
Text Domain:
Definition: Volumetric soil water content: Soil water content adjacent to the soil thermocouples, used to calculate stored energy term for deriving ground heat flux
irradiance unit