Multiple Sclerosis is a long lasting disease where the immune system attacks parts of the nerves, which result in slowing down of signals from the brain to various parts of the body. It is hard to predict one’s journey with MS, but can decrease life expectancy up to 14 years. Symptoms vary from person to person and can include heat sensitivity, fatigue, pain, cognitive dysfunction, and tremors. Unfortunately we do not know the cause of MS however genetics, infectious agents like viruses, and environments with lower Vitamin D levels can be contributing factors (Files et al., 2015; Forwell et al., 2018). OT can play a key role in improving quality of life for patients diagnosed with MS. First, OTs need to perform assessments based on areas affected by the disease, such as The Modified Fatigue Impact Scale, and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) (Kiropoulos et al., 2021; Meca-Lallani et al., 2019). OTs then collaborate with the patient to help create strategies and interventions on ways to regain functioning. Interventions include a left foot pedal for foot drop, fatigue management plan to organize tasks in a more efficient way, cooling vest to help patients with the ability to participate in activities longer, and mindfulness techniques for overall well-being (Carletto et al., 2020; Kaltsatou & Flourish, 2019).
Wainwright, Rachel Marie and Terryn Dyche. "Multiple Sclerosis." (2022). https://digitalrepository.unm.edu/ceh/1