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Zebu cattle in the interior of the state of Pernambuco. In order to supply the sugar estates and mining centers with meat, leather, beasts of burden and other foodstuffs, large cattle ranches were set up in the interior, especially along the largest rivers, and in southern Brazil. These activities replaced mining in many regions when that industry began to decline in the late Eighteeth century and enabled the vast interior to be settled. Population statistics during the colonial period vary and estimates indicate that there were about three million people living in Brazil by the late Eighteenth century, two thirds of which were slave and free Africans.Gado zebu próximo à Januária (MG), ao longo do rio São Francisco. A fim de abastecer os engenhos e centros mineiros com carne, couro, animais de carga e outros gêneros alimentícios, grandes fazendas de gado se estabeleceram no interior, especialmente ao longo dos grandes rios e no sul do Brasil. Estas atividades substituíram a mineração quando essa começou a entrar em declínio em fins do século XVIII e possibilitou que o vasto interior fosse colonizado. As estatísticas variam durante o período colonial, mas as estimativas indicam que havia aproximadamente três milhões de pessoas vivendo no Brasil no final do século XVIII sendo que, dois terços eram escravos e africanos livres.


Latin American and Iberian Institute / University of New Mexico


Brazil Slide Series Collection: This article is copyrighted by the Latin American & Iberian Institute (LAII) of the University of New Mexico. Rights permission is for standard academic, non-commercial, use of these materials. Proper citation of this material should include title, author, publisher, date, and URL. Copyright Latin American and Iberian Institute University of New Mexico 1989


Brazil: Ethnicity and Population