It is common practice in design work to use bolts as a means of attaching load carrying members. In many instances it is not possible to locate the bolt so the line of action of the external load will pass through the bolt axis. As a result, there are secondary loads, resulting from the eccentricity of the load paths, which the bolt must resist in addition to the primary loads.
Bolt Axis, Bolt Tensile and Bending Loads, Bolt Stress, Input Stress
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Blake, Verne E. Jr.. "The Variations of Stress Induced in an Eccentrically Located Bolt Securing a Flanged Joint." (1956). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/me_etds/102