The 1990 Indian Uprising staged by the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities of Ecuador (CONAIE) forced indigenous issues into the national political discourse of Ecuador through the activities of a post-Marxist, progressive social movement. The formation of CONAIE, in 1986, and the 1990 Uprising were the culmination of an organizational process that began in the 1970s with indigenous regional organizing as a reaction against Marxist/mestizo/ integrationist leadership, repression of traditional leftist organizations, and increasing pressures placed on indigenous communities through Ecuador's heightened position in the capitalist world-economy. This organizational process clarified to indigenous leaders a new vision of progressive social praxis based upon ethnic and cultural claims, rather than the strictly economic demands of the traditional left. This paper documents the organizing process as a significant historical development in the emergence of post-Marxist progressive social movements.
Latin American and Iberian Institute
The Latin American and Iberian Institute of the University of New Mexico
indigenous movement, culture, Ethnicity, post-Marxist, Ecuador
Black, Chad T.. "The Making of an Indigenous Movement: Culture Ethnicity, and Post-Marxist Social Praxis in Ecuador." (1999). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/laii_research/34