Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences ETDs


John Martel

Publication Date

Spring 5-22-1952


The purpose of this study is to ascertain the interscholastic football and basketball sports officiating practices in the United States by (1) determining to what extent the various states certify officials, (2) what the requirements are for certification, (3) the methods of selecting officials for athletic contests, (4) the types of control the state athletic associations exert over officials regarding officials' appeals, conduct of officials, penalties for violations and settlement of disputes, (5) how the officials and the schools are rated, (6) the fees paid to the officials, (7) and the preparation made by officials who officiate interscholastic athletic contests.


Interscholastic Athletics, High School

Document Type




Degree Name

Physical Education, Sports and Exercise Science

Level of Degree


Department Name

Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences

First Committee Member (Chair)

B.M. Crawford

Second Committee Member

Lloyd R. Burley

Third Committee Member

S.P. Namminga