A deterministic dynamic nonlinear time-delay system is developed to model load balancing in a cluster of computer nodes used for parallel computations. The model is shown to be self consistent in that the queue lengths cannot go negative and the total number of tasks in all the queues and the network are conserved (i.e., load balancing can neither create nor lose tasks). Further, it is shown that using the proposed load balancing algorithms, the system is stable in the sense of Lyapunov. Experimental results are presented and compared with the predicted results from the analytical model. In particular, simulations of the models are compared with an experimental implementation of the load balancing algorithm on a distributed computing network.
IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology
Computer networks, load balancing, time delay systems
Abdallah, Chaouki T.; John Chiasson; Zhong Tang; Jean Ghanem; J. Douglas Birdwell; and Majeed M. Hayat. "The effect of time delays on the stability of load balancing algorithms for parallel computations." IEEE Transactions on Control Systems Technology 13, 6 (2005): 932-942. doi:10.1109/TCST.2005.854339.