Electrical and Computer Engineering ETDs

Publication Date

2-9-2010

Abstract

In this work we show the Lyapunov stability and convergence of an adaptive and decentralized coverage control for a team of mobile sensors. This new approach assumes nonholonomic sensors rather than the usual holonomic sensors found in the literature. The kinematics of the unicycle model and a nonlinear control law in polar coordinates are used in order to prove the stability of the controller applied over a team of mobile sensors. This controller is adaptive, which means that the mobile sensors are able to estimate and map a density function in the sampling space without a previous knowledge of the environment. The controller is decentralized, which means that each mobile sensor has its own estimate and computes its own control input based on local information. In order to guarantee the estimate convergence, the mobile sensors implement a consensus protocol in continuous time assuming a fixed network topology and zero communication delays. The convergence and feasibility of the coverage control algorithm are verified through simulations in Matlab and Stage. The Matlab simulations consider only the kinematics of the mobile sensors and the Stage simulations consider the dynamics and the kinematics of the sensors. The Matlab simulations show successful results since the sensor network carries out the coverage task and distributes itself over the estimated density function. The adaptive law which is defined by a differential equation must be approximated by a difference equation to be implementable in Stage. The Stage simulations show positive results, however, the system is not able to achieve an accurate estimation of the density function. In spite of that, the sensors carry out the coverage task distributing themselves over the sampling space. Furthermore, some experiments are carried out using a team of four Pioneer 3-AT robots sensing a piecewise constant light distribution function. The experimental results are satisfactory since the robots carry out the coverage task. However, the accuracy of the estimation is affected by the approximation of the adaptation law by difference equations, the number of robots and sensor sensitivity. Based on the results of this research, the decentralized adaptive coverage control for nonholonomic vehicles has been analyzed from a theoretical approach and validated through simulation and experimentation with positive results. As a future work we will investigate: (i) new techniques to improve the implementation of the adaptive law in real time,(ii) the consideration of the dynamics of the mobile sensors, and (iii) the stability and convergence of the adaptive law for continuous-time variant density function.

Keywords

Wireless sensor networks, Self-tuning controllers, Lyapunov stability, Nonholonomic dynamical systems.

Sponsors

Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Document Type

Thesis

Language

English

Degree Name

Electrical Engineering

Level of Degree

Masters

Department Name

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Fierro, Rafael

First Committee Member (Chair)

Abdallah, Chaouki

Second Committee Member

Wood, John

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