Background/Purpose: According to the American Stroke Association, every year 795,000 people in the United States suffer a stroke. There are approximately 7 million stroke survivors living in the US today and 2/3 of them are disabled. A common deficit seen in people who suffer strokes is gait abnormalities, such as drop foot, due to dysfunction of the lower extremity muscles. The purpose of this case report and evidence-based analysis is to determine if gait training combined with functional electrical stimulation, to activate the lower extremity muscles, is more effective than gait training alone on gait speed, walking ability and functional outcomes. Case Description: A review of data bases including PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, and Cochrane was conducted using the following key words: stroke, gait, functional electrical stimulation, hemiplegia, rehabilitation, drop-foot, and FES. A total of 8 articles were reviewed and analyzed. Outcomes/Discussion: The evidence supporting the use of functional electrical stimulation in combination with gait training to correct foot drop in people who have suffered a stroke is substantial. The 8 articles that were analyzed found that interventions using functional electrical stimulation had better outcomes than the interventions that did not.
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Stroke, Gait Training, Physical therapy, Functional Electrical Stimulation
Jackson, Janelle. "The Effects of Gait Training with Functional Electrical Stimulation on Gait Speed and Functional Outcomes in the Post Stroke Population." (2014). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/dpt/73