The Female Athlete Triad (FAT) is a spectrum disorder involving disordered eating, menstrual function, and bone health. A majority of current research has focused on the prevalence of the Triad in the collegiate and professional female athlete populations, however; evidence of the prevalence in the high school population is limited. Purpose: To assess the prevalence of female high school runners who have one or more components of the triad, to evaluate the screening of female high school runners by health care professionals, and to educate female high school runners on the triad and its potential long-term health consequences. Methods: Subjects who were recruited from a local independent high school cross country team returned signed parental consent forms and completed an anonymous Female Athlete Survey prepared by the investigators. Results: Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the survey results. Seven subjects completed the survey. Two participants were excluded due to birth control use. Of the five remaining surveys, all five participants met the criteria for one component of the triad. Two of the five participants (40%) met the criteria for two components of the FAT. No participants reported being asked questions regarding all 3 components of the FAT during their pre-participation physical. Conclusion: A majority of the female athletes surveyed reported one or more components of the triad and inadequate screening by healthcare professionals. While these findings are not statistically significant, they indicate a need for further research on the high school female athlete population.
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female athlete, sceening, spectrum disorder, triad
Heise Higdon, Sarah. "The Prevalence and Screening of the Female Athlete Triad in Female High School Runners." (2014). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/dpt/55