Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common developmental disorder in children. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) is an effective neurosurgical treatment to reduce lower extremity spasticity in children with spastic diplegic CP. An intensive period of rehabilitation, including gait training, is required for most children after this surgery. Orthoses have been widely used in children with CP. However, there is a lack of research showing which orthosis type is the most appropriate for children with spastic diplegic CP after SDR. In this retrospective case report, we compared spatial and temporal gait parameters using three commonly used orthoses: foot orthosis (FO), supra-malleolar orthosis (SMO), and ankle-foot orthosis footwear combination (AFO/FC), before and after 3-month accommodation of combination use in a 5-year-old male with spastic diplegic CP after SDR. The results showed that although all orthoses improved gait function, the AFO/FCs appeared to initially provide the most stable support during gait captures; however, after acclimatization, spatial and temporal gait parameters generally demonstrated greater improvement in FO and SMO conditions compared with AFO/FC. This report suggests that further studies analyzing gait, balance, and motor function using varying orthoses in children with CP after SDR are warranted.
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Cerebral Palsy; Orthoses; Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy; Gait analysis
Zhang, Zhenxiong Shawn. "A Comparison of Gait Parameters Using Varying Orthotic Designs in a Child with Spastic Diplegic Cerebral Palsy Post Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy Surgery: A Case Report." (2016). http://digitalrepository.unm.edu/dpt/21