Dental Hygiene ETDs

Publication Date

6-9-2016

Abstract

Study Design: Retrospective cohort pilot-study of periodontal disease (PD) prevalence in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Objective: Evaluate prevalence of PD in cohort of RA subjects for DAS28 score, rheumatoid factor (RF), erythrocyte-sedimentation rate (ESR), C-Reactive Protein (CRP), and anti-cyclic-citrullinated-peptide antibody (CCP) Methods: UNMH rheumatoid arthritis patients completing a 12-question survey with validated questions for PD. Results: PD was present in 16/42 (RR=38%, CI95% (24, 54) compared to New Mexico NHANES data (53.7%, CI95, 52.3, 52.60). Other variables RF, CCP, ESR, CRP and the medications methotrexate and prednisone showed no statistical association with PD. (RF p=.24, CCP p=.24, ESR p=.74, CRP p=.28, Methotrexate (p=0.81) and Prednisone (p=0.75)). Conclusions: The retrospective design of the study gathered a recent disease activity for RA and is measured against an unknown current disease activity for PD. Validated survey questions show PD prevalence to be between 38%-71% which is significant but prospective studies are needed to reveal PD association with RA.

Degree Name

Dental Hygiene

Level of Degree

Masters

Department Name

Dental Medicine

First Advisor

Nathe, Christine

First Committee Member (Chair)

Nathe, Christine

Second Committee Member

Aboytes, Diana

Third Committee Member

Sibbitt, Wilmer

Language

English

Keywords

Periodontal Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Prevalence, DAS28 Score, Pilot Projects

Document Type

Thesis

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