Computer Science ETDs

Publication Date

5-1-2016

Abstract

There has been a tremendous growth in the size of distributed systems in the past three decades. Today, distributed systems, such as the Internet, have become so large that they require highly scalable algorithms; algorithms that have asymptotically-small communication, computation, and latency costs with respect to the network size. Moreover, systems with thousands or even millions of parties distributed throughout the world is likely in danger of faults from untrusted parties. In this dissertation, we study scalable and secure distributed algorithms that can tolerate faults from untrusted parties. Throughout this work, we balance two important and often conflicting characteristics of distributed protocols: security and efficiency. Our first result is a protocol that solves the MPC problem in polylogarithmic communication and computation cost and is secure against an adversary than can corrupt a third of the parties. We adapted our synchronous MPC protocol to the asynchronous setting when the fraction of the corrupted parties are less than 1/8. Next, we presented a scalable protocol that solves the secret sharing problem between rational parties in polylogarithmic communication and computation cost. Furthermore, we presented a protocol that can solve the interactive communication problem over a noisy channel when the noise rate in unknown. In this problem, we have focused on the cost of the protocol in the resource-competitive analysis model. Unlike classic models, resource-competitive models consider the cost that the adversary must pay to succeed in corrupting the protocol.

Language

English

Keywords

Distributed Computing, Multi-Party Computation, Interactive Communication

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Computer Science

Level of Degree

Doctoral

Department Name

Department of Computer Science

First Advisor

Saia, Jared

First Committee Member (Chair)

Evans, David

Second Committee Member

Luan, Shuang

Third Committee Member

Young, Maxwell

Project Sponsors

National Science Foundation

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